B.Com. or Bachelor of Commerce is an undergraduate commerce course. The Graduate Course can be pursued through Correspondence or Distance Education depending upon one’s choice. B.Com. (General) is often referred to as simply B.Com. or B.Com. Pass Course. It is General in the sense that it is not Subject Specific and one can choose any combinations of subjects, apart from 1-2 Compulsory Subjects. These combinations vary from institute to institute. B.Com. degree programs generally last 3 to 4 years depending upon the country. Mostly the duration of Bachelor of Commerce Degree spans over a period of 3 years. A person seeking the Commerce Degree needs to study 5-7 subjects. One can opt for various combinations depending upon the availability of choices in various Institutes. Most of the Institutes offer a change of Elective Subjects in the 2nd year depending upon one’s performance or choice. Certain Institutes admit students who have passed 1st or a 2nd year from another institute depending upon fulfilment of the institutes' rules and regulations. Bachelor of Commerce course is offered in many different disciplines to train candidates in a field. The degree provides the students with a wide range of managerial skills and competence in an area of Commerce. It equips students with the knowledge of accounting principles, export and import laws, economic policies and other aspects that impacts trade and business.
It is one of the oldest degrees offered by Colleges in India. Normally, it is a program that lasts 3 years. In the past, B. Com. used to be a general course, covering number of subjects, which were commonly related to commerce sector. Students had to select a combination of subjects that they had to then pursue. At present, the old B. Com. program is offered across Colleges in India. Along with it, newly introduced specialization programs are also being offered across many Indian Colleges. Talking about the core subjects of the program, one can say that B. Com. program usually focuses on subjects like-Accounts, Mathematics and Economics. Nowadays, as I mentioned above, new B. Com. programs and specialization courses are also being offered. Some of the new programs are- B. Com. in Computer Application, B. Com. in Information Technology, B. Com. in E Commerce etc. The 3 years long course is divided into 6 semesters. Let us analyze each semester and the core subjects that one has to face in each semester. I’m talking about the regular B. Com. program and not any specialization course. Let us start with the first semester.
1.Students who have studied Commerce / Science / Arts in 10+2 are given preference over others with English and Math as Core Subjects.
2.Have to fulfill the minimum percentage of 50% which is decided by the college.